本日配信のメルマガ。2017年センター英語第5問 物語文の読解

本日配信のメルマガでは、2017年大学入試センター試験英語第5問を解説します。


【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


■ 問題

2017年センター英語より

第5問 次の物語を読み、下の問い(問1~5)の[ 42 ]~[ 46 ]に入れるのに
最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の{1}~{4}のうちから一つずつ選べ。

Ahhhhhhhhhh!
With a big yawn I woke up. What a fresh morning! I felt very sharp, much
sharper than usual. I was able to hear the singing of birds more clearly
than ever before. I noticed the smell of coffee coming up from downstairs.
I stretched out my arms in front of myself and raised my back; it felt so
good. I sat up straight, licked my hand, and started to clean my face with
it.... Huh? ...Something was strange. Why was I licking my hand with my
tongue? Why was my body covered with fur? I tried to say something, but
the sound that out of my mouth was... "Meow."
It was certainly my bedroom that I was in. It was certainly my bed that
I was sitting on. Everything was as usual except that... I seemed to have
changed into a different creature. I was so surprised that I couldn't move.
I couldn't do anything. I wondered -- would I have to spend the rest of my
life as an animal? I began to feel afraid... But after a few moments those
feelings passed. So, with a wave of my tail, I started to explore my
surroundings. A cat's mind is said to be changeable like that.
As I went down the stairs, the smell of coffee grew stronger and I could
tell what was for breakfast. Maybe the senses of a cat are sharper than
those of a human. When I got to the dining room, what I saw almost stopped
my heart. It was me! The human I was sitting at the dining table! I
couldn't take my eyes off myself.
The human I was absorbed in a smartphone, maybe writing responses to
friends' messages or playing an online game. Bending my head down toward
the phone, I was sitting with rounded shoulders and a curved back. I
looked very uncomfortable.
I sometimes took a little bite of toast, but it appeared that I was not
noticing any taste in my mouth. Actually, the taste of toast in my memory
was vague. I couldn't remember what else had been served for breakfast
recently, either. The human I was just mindlessly putting in my mouth
anything that was on the plate while handling the phone. I was so focused
on the text messages or games that I took little interest in what was
happening around me. In fact, my face had no expression on it at all.
"Yuji, you never study these days. Are you ready for your final exams?
You're making me a little bit worried," said Mom.
"Mmm," said I. A sign of frustration briefly appeared on my face, but it
disappeared in an instant. My face was again as expressionless as it had
been before.
["I don't like this guy,"] I thought. But this guy was me. I couldn't
deny it. For the first time, I realized how I really looked to other
people.
Then, as I started to leave the table, our eyes met. "Wow! Mom, look!
There's a cat in the dining room!"
I didn't know why, but I was running. I felt I had to escape. Running up
the stairs, I found the window in my room was open, I jumped! I had a
strange feeling. The world suddenly seemed to have shifted. I felt my body
falling down and...
Bump!
I was awake, lying on the floor of my room. I slowly sat up and looked
around. Everything looked like it usually did. I looked at my hands. I was
relieved to see they were no longer covered with fur. I stood up and, with
a yawn, extended my arms above my head to stretch my back. Without
thinking, as was my usual habit in the morning, I started to walk to my
desk where my smartphone had completed charging and... I stopped.
After pausing for a moment, I turned around and went downstairs for
breakfast.

問1 When Yuji realized that he had turned into a cat, he first felt [ 42 ].
{1} astonished
{2} embarrassed
{3} excited
{4} satisfied

問2 When Yuji's mother spoke to him, he was annoyed because [ 43 ].
{1} he wanted to please her
{2} her words disturbed him
{3} his mouth was full of food
{4} she interrupted his studies

問3 The cat thought, ["I don't like this guy,"] because Yuji [ 44 ].
{1} could not recall the taste of food he had eaten at breakfast
{2} tried to hide his efforts to study for the final exams
{3} was making fun of his mother's concern for his future
{4} was not showing respect for people or things around him

問4 At the end of the story, Yuji did not pick up his smartphone because
he [ 45 ].
{1} decided it was time to improve his attitude
{2} realized that it was not yet fully charged
{3} wanted to stick to his old priorities
{4} was afraid of being scolded by his mother

問5 What is the theme of this story? [ 46 ]
{1} Cats have much better senses than humans.
{2} Observing yourself can lead to self-change.
{3} People using smartphones look strange.
{4} Unbelievable things can happen in dreams.


※マーク部分の□は[ ]で、マル1は{1}で表記しています。

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=========================== お知らせ1 ===============================

AE個別学習室(えまじゅく)では、今年も夏期講習を計画しています。

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を行います。

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■ 解答・解説

2017年第5問は、小説の内容に関する問いでした。

長文では、ほとんどの受験生は、何カ所か正確に読み取れない部分があるはずです。
細かいところに気を取られすぎずに、場面をイメージしながら読み進めて、
読み取れなかった部分の情報を推測することも必要になります。
国語の文章を読むときには、誰でも自然とやっているはずなので、英語でも
きっとできるはず!と考えると、上手くいくかも知れませんよ!

前置きはこのくらいにして、最初の設問です。


問1 When Yuji realized that he had turned into a cat, he first felt [ 42 ].
Yujiがネコになってしまったと悟ったとき、彼は最初に[ 42 ]と感じました。
{1} astonished    驚いた
{2} embarrassed   当惑した
{3} excited     興奮した
{4} satisfied    満足した

文章の冒頭では、主人公が目覚めるとネコになっていた様子が描かれています。
普通に考えて、自分がいきなりネコになっていたら、驚きますよね(笑)

だから1番!

・・・で構わないのですが・・・


(有料版では、解説の続きや語句コーナー、解答一覧も掲載しています)
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


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=========================== お知らせ2 ===============================

センター英語、数学を解説するブログを毎日更新中です!

■ センター数学を理由の理由まで解説するブログ
   http://centermath.seesaa.net/

■ センター英語をひとつひとつ解説するブログ
   http://a-emaenglish.seesaa.net/

このメルマガとともにご利用いただくと効果的です!


紙の書籍、電子書籍もご利用ください。
中学・高校の英語・数学の書籍を出版しています。

★江間淳(えまあつし)の書籍一覧 → http://amzn.to/2lnKZdS

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■ 全文訳(基本的に直訳ですが、一部意訳しています)

 ふわわわ!
 大きなあくびとともに私は起きました。なんて気持ちの良い朝だ!私はとても、
いつもよりずっと感覚が鋭いと感じました。今までにないくらいはっきりと鳥の
歌が聞こえてきました。下の階からコーヒーのにおいが登ってくるのに気づき
ました。自分の前に腕を伸ばし背中をあげると、とても気持ちが良かったです。
私はちゃんと座り、手をなめて、手で顔を綺麗にし始めました。・・・え?
・・・何かがおかしい。どうして私は自分の舌で手をなめていたのでしょう?
なぜ体が毛で覆われているのか?私は何かを言おうとしましたが・・・

(続きは http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html でご覧ください)

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■ 今回の高校レベルの単語・熟語など

≪本文前半≫
yawn:「ふわあ~」っとするやつ。「あくび(をする)」
than ever before:そのままつなげて「今までのどのときより」「かつてなく」
notice:ここでは動詞で「気がつく」、名詞では「注意、通知、掲示」など
stretch:「ストレッチする」は「伸ばす、拡げる」
lick:ネコはlick their handをする習性がある。「なめる」
tongue:いわゆる「タン」のこと。「舌」
as usual:usualが「普段」なので、「普段通りに、いつものように」
except:例外を表すときに使う。「~を除いて、~以外は」

(以下略)

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解説の続きは、本日21時配信予定の

【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html

に掲載します!
文法セクションはもちろん、第6問の長文まで、翻訳も行っている著者が、
全文訳・語句までイメージ重視&論理的に解説します。
月・水・土配信。\540/月。最初の1ヶ月は無料です。

または、http://pmana.jp/pc/pm588.html をご利用下さい。


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          発行者 江間淳(EMA Atsushi)
 mm@a-ema.com http://www.a-ema.com/k/ https://twitter.com/A_EMA_RYU
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